Under what conditions is a "multi-species ethnography" feasible? What collaborations can we envisage between the social sciences and the life sciences for this purpose? What are the specificities of the relationship with respondents when these are not human Kohler, ; Leblan, Roustan, ; Jankowski, ? One of the main objectives of this conference is to gather papers presenting ethnographic surveys, regardless of the disciplinary affiliation of the researchers, and focusing on the methodological issues related to animals in ethnography.
These may be multi-species ethnographic surveys that study human-animal interactions with a symmetrical perspective Latour, or that study animal communities. The papers could also examine the importance of these categories in research practices. Debates about the place of animals in society are currently marked by strong ideological tensions Michalon, , In this context, the study of animals and the study of anthropozoological relations also question the ethical positionings of ethnographers and their influence on ethnographic practice.
Alongside research without normative pretensions, a current of animal studies has developed which, like other strands of cultural studies gender studies, disability studies, etc. The common objective of the research developed within this interdisciplinary field of scholarship is to move away from the anthropocentric approach that has long characterized the study of relations with animals, towards a zoocentric approach that recognizes animals as moral subjects Franklin, , agents of their own existence and their relations with humans Donaldson, Kymlicka, Some of the researchers in this movement claim a connection with the anti-speciesist thinking and animal liberation theory of the Australian philosopher Peter Singer and affirm a political commitment to the abolition of animal exploitation.
This raises the question of the balance between social sciences and the animal cause Kopnina, , between a scientific approach and political commitments to animal rights Regan, , which this conference intends to discuss on the basis of papers by researchers offering a reflexive analysis of their own positionality Candea, Indeed, the French academic world is marked by ideological tensions around these issues Michalon, , which echo the growing politicization of the animal condition within society.
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How does the adoption of an ethical commitment or refusal thereof, by researchers influence their relationship to the field and to respondents, both human and non-human? How is it possible to carry out the ethnography of anthropozoological relations in these situations of strong moral tensions? Proposals for papers may also draw on research on areas where the animal condition is discussed.
Since animals are most often absent from these fields this is unlikely to be multi-species ethnography. They are also sites where animal ethics in the broadest sense takes shape, in collective actions, discursive and interactive dynamics. Finally, as these movements are widely spread on social networks, papers presenting surveys including digital ethnographies are more than welcome.
Communications may be given in French or English. Proposals, approximately characters long , must be written in one of these two languages and sent. The conference will result in a publication: submission of a manuscript to a journal thematic issue or a publishing house collective book. Home Animals in ethnography de en es fr pt. Home Animals in ethnography Call for papers Ethnology, anthropology Date s Subjects Ethnology, anthropology.
Methodological questions These approaches, which give a new place to animals in ethnography, pose many epistemological and methodological challenges that this symposium aims to explore: how should we observe the "existing beings" Descola, , both human and non-human, from an ethnographic perspective? Ethical Issues Debates about the place of animals in society are currently marked by strong ideological tensions Michalon, , Investigating animal ethics Proposals for papers may also draw on research on areas where the animal condition is discussed.
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Submission guidelines Communications may be given in French or English. Proposals, approximately characters long , must be written in one of these two languages and sent by 30 April at the latest to lucie. Last year, in a post , I discussed how to merge levels of factor variables, using combinatorial techniques it was for my STT cours, and trees are not in the syllabus , with an extension on trees at the end of the post. Following my post, Przemyslaw sent a comment suggesting to use. It is indeed a nice package unless you have really really big datasets with a lot of categories in your factor variables — as I experienced recently , and you can get great graphs.
Here is suggests to create three categories. Recall that with student t -tests changing the reference , we got. To use it, we simply call the following function, and we transform automatically our dataset : the continuous variables remain unchanged, and possibly categories of categorical variables are merged. The matrix is idempotent, i.
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Recall that we have. And there was a question in the course on the sharpeness of the bounds. Using something rather similar.
The very last observation, the one one the right, is here extremely influencial : if we remove it, the model is completely different! Now, what about the lower bound?
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Is it possible to reach zero? And this property is also valid in a multiple regression as soon as an intercept is included in the regression — which should always be the case. But I did not prove it. One way to prove it is actually to focus on the remaining n-1 points, on the left. Those have all the same x values.
Comme le dit la formule, on se contente de croire, faut de temps pour savoir. Car le savoir est rarement vendeur! La recherche scientifique est rarement spectaculaire. Fisker, S. Social cognition. Kahneman, D. Simon, H. American Economic Review , , Testart, J. Les experts, la science et la loi.
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Le Monde Diplomatique. Slides are available online. I can upload a few additional slides on LSTM recurrent neural nets. Mercure de France. Anderson, A. A Critique of the Manhart Brief. The Actuary, Cramer, H. Mathematical Methods of Statistics. Princeton University Press. Ewald F. Hacking, I. Cambridge University Press Hoy, M.
Applied Predictive Modeling. Springer Verlag. Ramsey P. Truth and Probability. Schauer, F.